Archive for July, 2009

Silly, Controversial, Progressive, Then Obvious

I had come across the above slide, via a post at Kottke’s blog, and it is taken from a talk by a Harvard University researcher named Lant Pritchett. I was intrigued by the progression Pritchett had theorized in the way that once-seemingly controversial issues (his slide illustrates changing attitudes over interracial marriage) had, over time, simply become part of the normal state of affairs. Now, clearly this is not always a linear, teleological dynamic, but it’s interesting to try and think of other examples where it applies (a woman’s right to vote, recycling, smoking is bad for you, etc.).

I was also interested in what areas of traffic safety and the larger culture of traffic to which it might apply — seat belt usage, for example (or the idea of laws for same), driving while drunk, motorcycle helmets (or helmets in hockey and other sports), etc. And I found myself reaching for the concept in a recent column for Reclaim, the magazine of NYC’s Transportation Alternatives (of which I’m a member; if you think, by the way, that this makes me some anti-car radical, I’m also a member of AAA). The column was prompted by some recent commentary in the press, in light of the recent closing to traffic of a few blocks of Broadway in Times Square, that the NYC DOT was running a series of “elitist” reforms.

Whether this would in and of itself be a bad thing is another issue altogether — for all kinds of civic reforms we now take for granted and that make cities livable places began as the work of progressive “elites” — but I took exception with the idea that programs meant to benefit pedestrians and transit users, who represent by far the majority mode of Manhattan, were “elitist” policies causing harm to some disenfranchised majority of New York car users. But I am interested also in the reception of this and other projects via Pritchett’s evolution; in certain quarters of the media, they have been branded in the “silly” and “controversial” vein, though as this “Q Poll” indicates (the poll found early support for the Times Square project, support that might rise if the media didn’t always frame the story so negatively, or if the project’s benefits were explained to more people), we might already be moving closer to obvious.

In any case, the essay is here, or after the jump.


Posted on Friday, July 31st, 2009 at 10:53 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Silly, Controversial, Progressive, Then Obvious. Click here to leave a comment.

Training Wheels

I know the driving age is low in some Western states, but this is ridiculous.

Posted on Thursday, July 30th, 2009 at 2:43 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Training Wheels. Click here to leave a comment.

Left on White

Reader Francisco sends along, via Shorpy, an image sure to delight the ranks of historical traffic signal enthusiasts (that’s the Washington, D.C. traffic director inspecting the hardware circa 1926)

Posted on Thursday, July 30th, 2009 at 11:56 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Left on White. Click here to leave a comment.

Hanging Up

It has been heartening to see the hard science of distracted driving getting such prominent attention, the latest of course being the New York Times coverage of the naturalistic truck study (and keep in mind that truck drivers are statistically safer than civilian drivers) by VTTI (which I look forward to reading in its entirety), followed by today’s announcement of proposed legislation for a texting-while-driving ban pegged to state highway funding. My only qualm with all the texting coverage is that it might push to the side the very real issue of cell-phone conversation while driving, which the cell-phone lobby and others would have us believe is not an issue — they of course don’t want to give up those minutes, those same minutes that preciously tick away as you sit listening to the horrible and lengthy prompts to leave messages.

But the idea of a legislative ban always brings up the issue of the difficulties of enforcement, and along those lines I have been wondering what alternatives (or supplementary tools) there might be to a legislative solution to the problem of wireless communication while driving. (more…)

Posted on Thursday, July 30th, 2009 at 11:30 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Hanging Up. Click here to leave a comment.


As I was checking on the price of the forthcoming paperback version of the book the other day, I noticed that the paperback price is about four dollars less than the Kindle price, which itself is a few bucks cheaper than the hardcover.

Not owning a Kindle, I am curious about this. One the day the paperback is released, will the Kindle price magically drop to rival the paperback? Or would the Kindle price remain higher than the paperback? (this would seem to make little sense to me as 1.) it is obviously cheaper to produce and distribute the Kindle version than the paperback 2.) The paperback has a potential resale value, however slight; there is no ‘used Kindle book’ market, as of yet at least 3.) There is arguably more longevity with even the paperback version of the book than Kindle — we are still reading ancient manuscripts yet digitized records from the 1980s are in some cases already almost beyond recall, as the technology has changed). I don’t know how true this is, but Nicholson Baker notes in the New Yorker that the Kindle doesn’t handle endnotes very well, which is a big liability in the case of my book (one thing I think Baker neglected to mention is the idea of the “pass along” — how many beloved books have you given to friends? Is this made obsolete with the Kindle?)

Even if it drops, this is still an odd situation to me, which I’m sure an economist could explain in some terms. The Kindle edition’s price at the moment is pegged to the hardcover — or does it reflect its own “Kindle” price, pegged to the cost of producing it, supply and demand, etc.? — and when the paperback is released it will presumably drop in the face of being eroded by the cheaper paperback (unless Kindle owners so cherish their devices they will pay more for a virtual edition). In the meantime, while hardcover and paperback editions are very different things in terms of production costs, the Kindle edition costs will not have changed at all; meaning, depending how you look at it, Amazon will have to relinquish some Kindle profit in light of the paperback, or that that profit was all rather vaporous to begin with. The Kindle edition price point seems to relate to the existence, or lack thereof, of a competing price point in a print edition; it is almost an anti-price, if that makes any sense.

Anyone have any experience with this?

Posted on Thursday, July 30th, 2009 at 8:51 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Kindlenomics. Click here to leave a comment.

Streets Ahead in Ashford

I’ve been looking at some before-and-after photos of the “shared space” scheme in the English town of Ashford, which we’ve written about here before.

The first pair below shows West Street before the scheme, a rather drab slab of pavement and railings, forbidden to pedestrian crossing, with all the charm of a drainage ditch.

The image below is of the after, and I had to check the nearby buildings to make sure it really was the same vista.

The next set shows Elwick Road, which is virtually crying out for a speed problem.

And the after, with trees and sculpture by Simeon Nelson

The changes have of course not been without controversy, similar to some recent schemes in London, as the columnist Simon Jenkins notes. He writes, about Ashford:

If they cannot afford a trip to the Netherlands or Germany, they should visit Ashford in Kent. Here the local council, in collaboration with the designer Ben Hamilton-Baillie, took a leaf from the work of the Dutchman, Hans Monderman, and turned their town into the most progressive in England.

In the new shopping area, all distinction between road and pavements was erased and shallow drainage gullies redesigned by a local artist, with new lighting and street furniture.

The roads have acquired a new dignity and people comment on a new sense of community and courtesy. Cars must make their way gingerly through other road users, but since they are no longer held up at red lights their average speed has risen.

Astonishing as it may seem to the enemies of progress, the accident injury rate in Ashford has fallen to zero. Even the far more modest scheme in Kensington High Street has led to a 44 per cent cut in accidents.

Hardly the mass carnage predicted by Jeremy Clarkson…

Posted on Tuesday, July 28th, 2009 at 2:26 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Streets Ahead in Ashford. Click here to leave a comment.

Paperback Ahead

Just to let everyone know that in a mere few weeks, the paperback edition of Traffic will be published, by Vintage. But you can grab it for the time being for a sawbuck and some change from

Posted on Tuesday, July 28th, 2009 at 9:10 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Paperback Ahead. Click here to leave a comment.

Round and Round

Another follow-up on the Slate roundabouts piece; reader Alan sends along this time-lapse video of a Canadian roundabout. I find it strangely soothing (perhaps pair this with some Brian Eno), though I wonder if the main trunk of traffic is entering a bit too fast due to some gentle curve radii.

Posted on Tuesday, July 28th, 2009 at 8:02 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Round and Round. Click here to leave a comment.

The Politics of Parking

Via the Forward comes news of violent clashes in Jerusalem over contested ground — only this time it’s parking.

In the months of June and July, there have been mass protests, turning violent at times, against the decision of Jerusalem Mayor Nir Barkat to open parking facilities just outside the Old City on the Sabbath…

In early June, Barkat set out to tackle a strange situation concerning Jerusalem’s Old City, the jewel in the crown of Israel’s tourist sites. Because Sunday is part of their workweek, most Israelis make their visits Saturdays. But not only does public transport come to a standstill over the Sabbath, requiring people to drive their cars, but parking lots near the Old City also shut down to please Jerusalem’s Orthodox Jews.

“It was a pain. People parked and double-parked all over,” said Mark Feldman, CEO of Ziontours Jerusalem, a large travel agency.

The mayor responded by opening a new parking lot, outside the Old City, which hardly quieted those aggrieved.

Despite the continued protests, Barkat considers the issue closed. “The mayor found a real solution to a real problem and has now returned to tackling the economy and education,” his spokesman, Stephan Miller, told the Forward.

But experts believe that the conflict will continue. “It’s a question about who runs the city — it’s a power struggle in the city,” said Noam Shoval, a geographer at the Hebrew University.

Isn’t it always?

Posted on Tuesday, July 28th, 2009 at 7:29 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on The Politics of Parking. Click here to leave a comment.

Wu Jiao Chang

After my recent Slate article about roundabouts, part of which I spent delineating the differences between the traffic circles of yore and the modern roundabout, reader Anders sent in this photograph of this startling construction in Shanghai, decidedly the former category. He writes:

This is a traffic circle in the Yangpu district of Shanghai called Wu Jiao Chang, where 5 roads intersect (which is the basic meaning in Chinese). Every intersecting road has a light for entering the circle while there are also traffic lights within the circle.

A bit of further digging notes that the colored form in the center is the work of an artist named Zhong Song:

According to the artist himself, he has engaged the site’s knotty condition: “there are five roads leading to the plaza, with a highway overpass on top, and a subway line underneath. There are three different levels of infrastructure, creating a complex fabric that affects the pedestrian nature of the area. So, the question was, how do we add the pedestrian element so people will animate the five different streets?”. To accomplish this task, the artist enveloped the 105-foot-wide overpass in an ovular steel frame clad with aluminum. Measuring 348 feet long, 157 feet wide, and 82 feet tall, it cloaks cars speeding along the overpass.

Has anyone spent time in this place (I missed it while in Shanghai)? When was it built? How does one even get to the center, to enjoy the animated neon oval? (I can’t tell but there seems to be pedestrian underpasses, which might make this some weird modern version of Eugene Henard’s famous carrefour a gyration in 19th century Paris).

Posted on Monday, July 27th, 2009 at 2:03 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Wu Jiao Chang. Click here to leave a comment.

Traffic Safety Film of the Week

At a time when hip kids across the world are spurning the joys of automobile ownership, this social reprobate blows a gasket at receiving an inferior ride for his birthday. I would expect nothing less from the offspring of Hummer owners, of course.

(via Streetsblog)

Posted on Monday, July 27th, 2009 at 12:23 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Traffic Safety Film of the Week. Click here to leave a comment.

One Way to Fail a Driving Test

Virginia driver puts Honda Civic through the walls of the Leesburg, Virginia, office of the DMV.

Actually the driver was there to file paperwork for a car. But the story goes on to note:

Today’s incident was at least the second time that a car crashed into the Leesburg DMV. In March 2008, Nita Sureka drove her Volkswagen Jetta into the side of the building as she tried to park her car during a driving test.

Posted on Monday, July 27th, 2009 at 10:25 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on One Way to Fail a Driving Test. Click here to leave a comment.

Problems With Signalized Intersections, Continued

A problem with traffic signals you’ve probably not thought much about: The new LED lights (which consume less energy) tend not to melt the obscuring snow that accumulates on them.

Posted on Monday, July 27th, 2009 at 9:55 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Problems With Signalized Intersections, Continued. Click here to leave a comment.

Catching Up

There’s so much to post on, but just a few personal things that transpired in my absence:

I extolled the virtues of roundabouts in my latest Slate column (and blathered on a bit more on the BBC’s Americana program).

I joined in on a conversation on the New York Times’ “Room for Debate” web page about whether cell phones should be banned while driving (I give a hesitant ‘yes’); this happened before the Times dropped this little piece of news.

I was briefly quoted in this Boston Globe story about a push in Massachusetts for a primary seat-belt law.

I read (and opined briefly about) Colin Ellard’s excellent new book You Are Here.

Off-topic here, but I reviewed a few books about the real estate crash in the Times Book Review (and even got one of those slightly cringe-inducing caricatures)

Posted on Monday, July 27th, 2009 at 9:45 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Catching Up. Click here to leave a comment.

Mopeds Are Dangerous, and Other Island Reveries

As the somewhat startling image to the right would suggest, I decamped recently to Martha’s Vineyard for some R&R (thanks to all those who have written, and I hope to be in touch soon). I was intrigued to note that the nav system kept navigating, even as the car sat suspended in the hold of the car ferry. It was rather mute, of course, stripped of its normal turn-by-turn street references and cast into an unfamiliar landscape of shoals and eddies, but there was something almost touching in the idea that the nav system kept wanting to show me where I was, in some strange homage to the sea-borne European “discoverers” who had first landed on this island — and the word “navigate,” one might note, has as its primary definition “to sail.” The image also recalled those half-dreamt moments aboard trans-Atlantic flights, when there’s a thin slice of white on the horizon, you’ve exhausted your books and the in-flight entertainments, and you gaze up at the video monitor at the little icon of the plane, which hovers terrifyingly over open ocean somewhere to the east of Iceland.

It didn’t take long to stumble upon the traffic folkways of this small place; e.g., the perpetually crowded and uncontrolled intersection at the corner of Main Street and Edgartown Road in Vineyard Haven, where drivers politely take turns in some improvised ritual, one that newcomers seem to grasp intuitively, a piece of self-evident social decorum not unlike, say, the shoes left at the entrances to the town beaches. It was a welcome respite from the agita of New York’s streets, and on a week mostly on a bike the biggest hazard I seemingly faced was a squirrel that darted out in my path, in search of some enticement across the road, but thankfully reversed course before things got ugly.

I soon began noticing curious bumper stickers that read, simply “Mopeds Are Dangerous,” showing an image of a moped in a circle with a line crossed through it. At first I took this to be some kind of ironic, Napoleon Dynamite sort of thing, not least because I haven’t seen much in the way of mopeds since the Puch I rode in the early 80s, and the scooters I did see on the island seemed sans pedals (not to put too fine a point on it). And then I saw the weird riffs: “Moms Are Dangerous.” “Jellyfish Are Dangerous.” But after talking to a local constable, I learned that the stickers are the result of an actual campaign, one that has organized after a number of motorized two-wheeler fatalities (and can I just point out the most absurd sentence in this article, describing an anti-moped rally: “One man apparently mistook the demonstration for an anti-war rally, and shouted obscenities at Mr. Feldman.”)

I’m of several minds about this. One the one hand, it’s a bit ironic to a find a sticker calling attention to the dangers of another form of a transportation on the bumper of the form of transportation that itself is responsible for the largest number of traffic fatalities (scooters pose most of their danger to their riders, and to no one else, unlike cars). On the other hand (oh, for a one-armed traffic blogger!), as I mention in Traffic, a place like Bermuda, which is similar to the Vineyard in certain respects (i.e., an island with relatively low speeds), has comparatively few traffic fatalities, but these are disproportionately comprised of foreigners riding motorized two-wheelers. It’s not hard to imagine why: Someone riding a vehicle they’re not particularly familiar with (and there’s little to no education process), on roads they’re not particularly familiar with, perhaps with another person riding on the back, perhaps after a long day in the sun and one-too-many blood-orange frozen margaritas down at Sharkey’s Cantina. And while I personally find scooters a fairly superfluous form of transportation (if you’re going to risk two wheels, why not at least get some health benefits — for yourself and others — out of it and ride a bike? Cue angry Vespa-driving reader response!), as an island cyclist I’m not sure I’d rather swap all scooters with cars.

In any case, I mostly clung to my bucolic up-island environs, where the traffic concerns were of a gentler nature.

Posted on Monday, July 27th, 2009 at 9:13 am by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Mopeds Are Dangerous, and Other Island Reveries. Click here to leave a comment.

Closed for Vacation

Please come back soon. Now go get some fresh air!

Posted on Wednesday, July 15th, 2009 at 5:39 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Closed for Vacation. Click here to leave a comment.

Are Roadside Memorials a Hazard?

This is an evergreen issue in highway safety, one that the New York Times has recently opened for debate. I brought up the issue recently after a trip to Montana, which permits a standardized memorial for road safety purposes (but does not look kindly upon additional embellishments).

And the issue has come up again in Australia, in a suburb of Melbourne, where, if this account from The Age is to be believed, a roadside memorial to the death of four young drivers has, in a moment of supremely tragic irony, led to the death of another young driver, a mere two weeks later. The memorial has since been removed, to some controversy.

But the first thing to note is that this is one of those enduring gray areas in traffic safety; as far as I know, there’s been no peer-reviewed study of the crash risk posed by roadside traffic memorials. This doesn’t stop people from offering firm opinions, but as far as I can tell, the science is nil. We don’t even really know the distraction effects of memorials, or if they are are any greater than that posed by billboards, signs, people walking their dogs, etc. (none of which carry, as memorials do, at least the potential to actually encourage safer driving). That said, one can also make the argument that intersections are places where drivers have to make often complicated decisions, and to have a large memorial engaging their attention at that location may not be a good idea. And what their attention is being engaged by is a question to consider as well. One reason is related to a theory proposed by psychologist Steven Most (who is quoted in Traffic): “Emotion-induced blindness.” As The Economist described his study:

Dr Most made this discovery while studying the rubbernecking effect (when people slow down to stare at a car accident). Rubbernecking represents a serious lapse of attention to the road, but he wondered if the initial reaction to such gory scenes could cause smaller lapses. The answer is, it does. What he found was that when people look at gory images—and also erotic ones—they fail to process what they see immediately afterwards. This period of blindness lasts between two-tenths and eight-tenths of a second. That is long enough for a driver transfixed by an erotic advert on a billboard to cause an accident.

It is entirely possible that something like this could have occurred in the Australia case, the memorial inducing a moment of emotion that triggered some kind of attentional blindness, though there is really no way to know for sure what was going on in the mind of the driver, or what she saw or didn’t see, as she made the turn. Reading a bit deeper into the article, a couple of other things stand out. One is that the speed limit of the road was 80 KPH — it is now going to be lowered to 70 KPH. The previous speed limit is roughly 50 MPH, which, judging by the Google Earth photograph below, seems incredibly high for a road bordering a quite residential area.

I don’t know the area in question, but given the article’s description, it seems a sort of once-rural area that is being increasingly developed.

A worker at the Foodies Service Station, at the intersection, said there was an accident every two weeks and traffic lights were desperately needed. Hermiz Toma, who has worked at the station for eight years, said in the past three to four years the accident rate had spiked as the neighbourhood had expanded. “The area is becoming busy with new buildings and more cars and it is too hard for people to get from Ormond to Hallam Road,” Mr Toma said.

It seems, in other words, like one of those “in-between areas,” as Hans Monderman put it, in Traffic: Neither limited-access highway nor low-speed residential area. Instead, you have a high-speed road going through an increasingly dense environment — the “traffic world,” as Hans put it, plunging like a knife into the social world. The authorities in question now plan to install a traffic light at that particular intersection, a typical standard response to a serious crash. Will they do so at every intersection along that road, or only the intersection where the crash occurred? Is a traffic light an appropriate response? Would a road diet on that very wide-looking road, and a series of roundabouts, have created an entirely safer situation — i.e., the truck would have had to slow to navigate the intersection — that might have prevented the first deadly crash that inspired the memorial, as well as the following fatal crash that is now being blamed on the memorial?

I’d be curious if anyone can shed any further local knowledge — or has thoughts about memorials in general.

(Thanks to Gerry)

Posted on Tuesday, July 14th, 2009 at 4:21 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Are Roadside Memorials a Hazard?. Click here to leave a comment.

No One at the Wheel

Transportation Alternatives has released an important new report, titled “No One at the Wheel,” which I’ll be commenting upon further once I’ve had the chance to read it in its entirety. But the above graphic hints at some of the noteworthy and troubling findings.

Posted on Tuesday, July 14th, 2009 at 1:23 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on No One at the Wheel. Click here to leave a comment.

What’s the Riskiest Month to Drive in the U.S.?

The answer, interestingly, is October. That’s what Michael Sivak concludes in a new paper in Traffic Injury Prevention.

March has the lowest fatality rate (8.8 per billion kilometers), followed by February and April. Thus, the risk of a fatality per distance driven in October is about 16 percent greater than the risk in March.

Sivak notes that the factors for seasonal variation in crash risk are, as one might expect, complex — ranging across everything from alcohol consumption to “duration of darkness” to leisure driving (“Leisure driving, which occurs more frequently on unfamiliar roads, at higher speeds, at night, and under the influence of alcohol, is riskier than commuter driving”) to weather (“Inclement weather (e.g., snow and ice), everything else being equal, should increase the risk of driving. However, because
inclement weather also leads to general reductions in speed, the net effect is not clear.”)

In light of all these, October seems a bit strange; not as much vacation driving as during the summer, inclement weather hasn’t kicked in in most places, though the onset of earlier darkness might be an issue (not to mention the outlier day of Halloween).

Posted on Tuesday, July 14th, 2009 at 12:18 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on What’s the Riskiest Month to Drive in the U.S.?. Click here to leave a comment.

Red Yellow Green

In Traffic I make a passing mention of the evolution of traffic light sequences:

Others wanted the yellow light shown before the signal was changing to red and before it was changing from red back to green (which one sees today in Denmark, among other places, but nowhere in North America).

Reader Claire writes in to note that she remembers this sequence being used in the U.S.:

I distinctly remember passing through signals of this type on arterial streets in Chicago between 1977 – 1983. They were mostly located west of the L tracks on arterial streets like Belmont, Armitage, Fullerton, Devon, and Ashland.

Now, I didn’t say they were never used in the U.S., just that they aren’t anymore — although I may be wrong here and I’d be curious to see an example. She helpfully points us to Willis Lamm’s Traffic Signal page, which contains video examples of these “really funky signal phases.”

I’ve seen international studies on the potential problems with the red-amber-green phase, but haven’t really heard or read an account of why these phases vanished in the U.S. (though I’m sure the information is out there, in some back issue of the ITE Journal). I can imagine there are pedestrian issues, not to mention intersection clearance issues. And given that hardly anyone drives a manual shift in the U.S., one of the perceived virtues of that system is now largely lost here, like an old piece of slang no one uses anymore.

Posted on Tuesday, July 14th, 2009 at 12:01 pm by: Tom Vanderbilt
Comments Off on Red Yellow Green. Click here to leave a comment.
Traffic Tom Vanderbilt

How We Drive is the companion blog to Tom Vanderbilt’s New York Times bestselling book, Traffic: Why We Drive the Way We Do (and What It Says About Us), published by Alfred A. Knopf in the U.S. and Canada, Penguin in the U.K, and in languages other than English by a number of other fine publishers worldwide.

Please send tips, news, research papers, links, photos (bad road signs, outrageous bumper stickers, spectacularly awful acts of driving or parking or anything traffic-related), or ideas for my Transport column to me at:

For publicity inquiries, please contact Kate Runde at Vintage:

For editorial inquiries, please contact Zoe Pagnamenta at The Zoe Pagnamenta Agency:

For speaking engagement inquiries, please contact
Kim Thornton at the Random House Speakers Bureau:

Order Traffic from:

Amazon | B&N | Borders
Random House | Powell’s

U.S. Paperback UK Paperback
Traffic UK
Drive-on-the-left types can order the book from

For UK publicity enquiries please contact Rosie Glaisher at Penguin.

Upcoming Talks

April 9, 2008.
California Office of Traffic Safety Summit
San Francisco, CA.

May 19, 2009
University of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies
Bloomington, MN

June 23, 2009
Driving Assessment 2009
Big Sky, Montana

June 26, 2009
PRI World Congress
Rotterdam, The Netherlands

June 27, 2009
Day of Architecture
Utrecht, The Netherlands

July 13, 2009
Association of Transportation Safety Information Professionals (ATSIP)
Phoenix, AZ.

August 12-14
Texas Department of Transportation “Save a Life Summit”
San Antonio, Texas

September 2, 2009
Governors Highway Safety Association Annual Meeting
Savannah, Georgia

September 11, 2009
Oregon Transportation Summit
Portland, Oregon

October 8
Honda R&D Americas
Raymond, Ohio

October 10-11
INFORMS Roundtable
San Diego, CA

October 21, 2009
California State University-San Bernardino, Leonard Transportation Center
San Bernardino, CA

November 5
Southern New England Planning Association Planning Conference
Uncasville, Connecticut

January 6
Texas Transportation Forum
Austin, TX

January 19
Yale University
(with Donald Shoup; details to come)

Monday, February 22
Yale University School of Architecture
Eero Saarinen Lecture

Friday, March 19
University of Delaware
Delaware Center for Transportation

April 5-7
University of Utah
Salt Lake City
McMurrin Lectureship

April 19
International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association (Organization Management Workshop)
Austin, Texas

Monday, April 26
Edmonton Traffic Safety Conference
Edmonton, Canada

Monday, June 7
Canadian Association of Road Safety Professionals
Niagara Falls, Ontario

Wednesday, July 6
Fondo de Prevención Vial
Bogotá, Colombia

Tuesday, August 31
Royal Automobile Club
Perth, Australia

Wednesday, September 1
Australasian Road Safety Conference
Canberra, Australia

Wednesday, September 22

Wisconsin Department of Transportation’s
Traffic Incident Management Enhancement Program
Statewide Conference
Wisconsin Dells, WI

Wednesday, October 20
Rutgers University
Center for Advanced Infrastructure and Transportation
Piscataway, NJ

Tuesday, March 8, 2011
Ontario Injury Prevention Resource Centre
Injury Prevention Forum

Monday, May 2
Idaho Public Driver Education Conference
Boise, Idaho

Tuesday, June 2, 2011
California Association of Cities
Costa Mesa, California

Sunday, August 21, 2011
American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators
Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Wednesday, October 26, 2011
Attitudes: Iniciativa Social de Audi
Madrid, Spain

April 16, 2012
Institute for Sensible Transport Seminar
Gardens Theatre, QUT
Brisbane, Australia

April 17, 2012
Institute for Sensible Transport Seminar
Centennial Plaza, Sydney
Sydney, Australia

April 19, 2012
Institute for Sensible Transport Seminar
Melbourne Town Hall
Melbourne, Australia

January 30, 2013
University of Minnesota City Engineers Association Meeting
Minneapolis, MN

January 31, 2013
Metropolis and Mobile Life
School of Architecture, University of Toronto

February 22, 2013
ISL Engineering
Edmonton, Canada

March 1, 2013
Australian Road Summit
Melbourne, Australia

May 8, 2013
New York State Association of
Transportation Engineers
Rochester, NY

August 18, 2013 “Ingenuity” Conference
San Francisco, CA

September 26, 2013
TransComm 2013
(Meeting of American Association
of State Highway and Transportation
Officials’ Subcommittee on Transportation
Grand Rapids MI



July 2009

No, you probably won be compensated one million dollars; however, with the right blend of negotiating skills and patience, your efforts will be substantially rewarded!I have seen up to forty thousand dollars added to starting compensation through diligent negotiations. It is a way to significantly raise your standard of living and sense of self, simply by